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PHYS 499

Resources & Tips for Physics Research for Seniors & Juniors

Tips on American Institute of Physics (AIP) Citation Style

American Institute of Physics (AIP) citation style is commonly used for papers and publications in physics and related disciplines. In AIP style references are numbered in the order of appearance in the article and listed in numerical order at the end of the article. The basics:


In-Text Citations:

  • Cite references in the order of appearance using Arabic numbers in superscript format, e.g. 1, 2, 3.
  • Refer to authors in text by Last Name (Surname) only
  • Use all authors’ names if there 1-3 authors
  • If there are four or more authors, use the first author’s name and “et al” for other authors, e.g. Jazen et al
  • References are listed in the order of appearance in the text - i.e. in numerical order.



Journal or Magazine Article

Basic format (use abbreviated journal title when appropriate)

# First Name initial Last Name/Surname, Journal Title Volume, starting page (Year).

One author 1A. Witze, Nature 542, 279 (2017).

Two authors:   2C. Guite and V. Venkataraman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 166603 (2011).

Several authors (e.g., ten or fewer):

3U. Schneider, L. Hackermüller, S. Will, T. Best, I. Bloch, T. A. Costi, R. W. Helmes, D. Rasch, and A. Rosch, Science 322, 1520 (2008).

L. M. Pecora, T. L. Carroll, G. A. Johnson, D. J. Mar, and J. F. Heagy, Chaos 7, 520 (1997).


Regular book: use italic for book title; additional information (Vol., Chap., Sec., p.,etc.) as appropriate

4C. D. Murray and S. F. Dermott, Solar System Dynamics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999), p.126

Edited book: use italic for book title; for edited works use form “in" and “by"

5J. L. Bishop, in Water on Mars and Life, edited by T. Tokano (Springer, Berlin, 2005), p. 65


AIP style manual does not give instructions for referencing online source. The essential thing is to include the URL of the website and the access date. The following format has been used in articles published in Physical Review D:

Author (or corporate author), Title of web page, <URL> (Accessed date).

Example:   6NASA. Jupiter: In Depth (Accessed 12 May 2017)

AIP Citation Style & EndNote Generated Citations - Corrections may be needed!

Using Budriga and Forescu's article, Laser polarization effects on K-shell Compton scattering, published in 2007 in volume 41 the European Physical Journal D as an example, see how the AIP citation style compares another common citation style:

Budriga and Forescu's article information at the beginning of the article's first page


Citation in AIP Style

O. Budriga and V. Florescu, The European Physical Journal D 41, 205 (2007).

Citation in American Psychology Association Style, 7th edition

Budriga, O., & Florescu, V.. (2007). Laser polarization effects on K-shell Compton scattering. The European Physical Journal D41(2), 205–210.


Check your EndNote generated Citations!

Although EndNote and other Citation managers are great for managing your citations, and making it easy to cite within a paper, make sure you check the citations generated by EndNote to make sure they are correct. See how the citation for the Budriga and Florescu generated by EndNotes is different from the proper AIP Style. The differences are highlighted in yellow:

Citation in AIP Style

O. Budriga and V. Florescu, The European Physical Journal D 41, 205 (2007).

Citation as it comes out of EndNote Basic

O. Budriga and V. Forescu, European Physical Journal D 41 (2), 205-210 (2007).

Finding Titles from the Journal Abbreviation

2 potential ways to find the journal title from an abbreviation:

Helpful AIP Style Guides

The following are some helpful AIP Citation Style Guides: